“Albania and the UN, 60 Years of Partnership”

The United Nations Organization 

The United Nations Organization (UN) is the largest organization in the world, which aims at preserving international security and promoting economic development and social equality. It was founded after World War II, on 24 October 1945, as an initiative of the allies of World War II (USA, China, Britain, Soviet Union and France), aiming at strengthening cooperation between the countries of the world, to foster economic development and to maintain the world peace.

During the Cold War, the UN has played a major role in reducing conflicts in a polarized world. Despite major changes in the world after the fall of the Berlin Wall, the UN has been able to maintain its authority in dealing with new security challenges. UN member countries share the view, while the modern world is becoming more globalized; we need an international organization capable of acting effectively to resolve the conflicts worldwide. Today the UN is involved in a number of initiatives and activities that seek to resolve global issues of great importance for the future of humanity.

Undoubtedly, Albania’s accession to the United Nations on December 14, 1955, is a landmark event in our country's history. Shortly after joining the UN, Albania participated actively in the work of the organs and specialized agencies of the UN. Albania holds permanent diplomatic missions at the UN headquarters in New York and the UN Offices in Geneva and Vienna.

During its membership in the United Nations, Albania has paid particular attention to issues related to the preservation of peace and strengthening of security worldwide, the promotion and protection of human rights, alleviating economic and social problems, promotion of health and environmental protection and strengthening of international cooperation in the fields of culture and science.

Recently Albania has been actively supporting the UN peacekeeping efforts. It takes part in several UN peacekeeping operations by contributing with troops, military and police observers as well as contributing with funds to the budget of peacekeeping operations.

Albania's UN activity is an important element of our international and multilateral political action, in partnership with our strategic friends and allies. Co-operation with the UN and its agencies has been extensive and successful in many areas.

Albania was twice elected member of ECOSOC for the period 2005-07 and the period 2013-15. During 2013 Albania has also contributed to ECOSOC as the Vice-President of the Economic and Social Council.

Albania is part of the "One UN" pilot country that is implementing the reform of the United Nations. The international conference "Delivering as One", held in Tirana from 27-29 June 2012, praised Albania's experience in this regard.

Since January 2011 Albania is a member of the Executive Board of UN-HABITAT. Albania was elected in April 2011 to the UNICEF Executive Board for the term 2012 -2014 and the UNEP Executive Board for the period 2012-15. Albania has just concluded a successful mandate in the Human Rights Council for the period 2015-2017. Albania is a member of the Women's Status Committee (CSW) for the period 2016-2019.

Albania signed the Paris Climate Change Agreement on April 22, 2016, ratified it on July 14, 2016, and deposited the instrument of ratification with the UN Secretary-General in September 2016, becoming one of the 55 first states to take this step. Since November 2016, this agreement is in force for Albania.

Albania is committed in the implementation of the Sustainable Development Goals, Agenda 2030, and is among the few countries in the world, part of the UN pilot program, for the implementation of Objective 16, which has to do with the strengthening of democratic institutions in the country, the rule of law, the development of a stable market economy and respect for human rights. Albania is working to co-ordinate the Sustainable Development Goals with those of European Integration. One of Albania's objectives is to fulfill its commitment, within the resolution A/RES/70/1 "Transforming the World: Agenda 2030 for Sustainable Development", for a volunteer presentation at UN forums in July 2018.

Albania was elected to the Executive Board of UNICEF for the term 2012 -2014.

Albania, in the status of a member of the UNDP / UNFPA / UNOPS Executive Board, has been mainly focused on drafting the 2018-2021 Strategic Plan for these agencies. Albania's UN Representative holds the post of Vice President of the Executive Board of the UN Development Program, Population Fund and UNDP / UNOPS for the year 2018, what is evidence of engagement of the country for a more active role within the UN development agencies, in particular, of the implementation of the Sustainable Development Goals.

For several years already, Albania has declared its candidacy for a non-permanent Security Council seat for the period 2022-2023. Albania's service to the KS throughout this period will be a major goal of Albanian foreign policy and a valuable contribution to the service of peace, security and sustainable development, leaving no one behind.

During 2017, Albania ran and won a second term as a member of the UNESCO Executive Board for the period 2017-2021.